Friday, May 15, 2020
We All Have Evil Inside Nathaniel Hawthorne is best known for his use of allegorical figures in his short stories. The use of allegories help its readers seek a hidden meaning of an object or character to help them understand their significance to the story. In 1835, Hawthorne wrote the short story of Ã¢â¬Å"Young Goodman BrownÃ¢â¬ where the reader is introduced to an innocent and pure couple who are all about religion and against any evil worshippers. Faith and Goodman Brown will face a diabolic journey to hell, and fight against the will of the evil which is nearly impossible for everyone in town has walked through sin. I am writing about Ã¢â¬Å"Young Goodman BrownÃ¢â¬ because I am trying to show you how Hawthorne relies on the allegorical figures of Faith, the old man, and Goodman Brown to explain that everyone has evil within their own nature. Faith plays an important role that functions as an allegorical figure throughout Goodman BrownÃ¢â¬â¢s diabolic journey. For example, at the beginning of the story, young Goodman Brown comes late to his meeting with the old man. As a result, he excused himself by stating Ã¢â¬Å"Faith kept me backÃ¢â¬ (Hawthorne pg. 387). Besides Faith being his wifeÃ¢â¬â¢s name, it is an allegory for religious faith. It is emphasized at the beginning of the story that this couple comes from a PuritanÃ¢â¬â¢s society. In addition, their religious beliefs are strict, for they fear that any careless action may lead them to hell. In this scene, Goodman Brown commits a careless mistake when heShow MoreRelatedThe Depiction Of Evil And The Heart Of The Story Of Kill A Mockingbird By Harper Lee Essay1266 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesEvery man or woman is capable of harbouring innate evil. From the first mention of Adam and eve in the bible, man has continuously committed evil and co-existed with it. Regardle ss of whether it has always been there or man created it, evil has remained embedded within our society. Even in many classics in literature, the depiction of evil as the driving force and the heart of the story are common; this includes Harper LeeÃ¢â¬â¢s bestselling novel and social commentary Ã¢â¬Å"to kill a mockingbirdÃ¢â¬ . HarperRead MoreLord Of The Flies Character Analysis940 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAll people have evil inside them, sometimes deep enough for it to not come out. William GoldingÃ¢â¬â¢s novel Lord of The Flies theme is that all people have evil inside them, and only rules and order can keep them from acting upon it. RalphÃ¢â¬â¢s character disputes this theory because of his knowledge and wisdom, him seeking civilization and his leadership skills. Ralph seeking for civilization helps prove that he is not leaning towards the evil inside him. For example, the signal fire which is used toRead MoreEvil : Evil And Evil981 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesneither good nor evil, and it s the life experience that impressed with the man as he grows up. Everyone has an evil seed planted inside him. Only the really evil person acts on it and commits actions morally wrong. On the other side, the good person has many ideas how to live the life having morals. Everybody has the potential to bring out whether the good side of him or the evil side. Humans should work on doing the right, but at the same time they can be evil and have been evil at some point. ActuallyRead MoreHuman Nature In Lord Of The Flies By William Golding And Joseph Conrad1047 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesLord of the Flies and Heart of Darkness. The environmental and circumstantial influence on oneÃ¢â¬â¢s human nature is thought to have the greatest impact, as the isolation from civilisat ion manumits the evil inside. Human nature, according to the Oxford Dictionary, is Ã¢â¬Å"the general psychological characteristics, feelings, and behavioural traits of humankind, regarded as shared by all humans.Ã¢â¬ These novels exemplify the concept of this behaviour to show how the savage nature of a person is brought to lightRead MoreEvil in Humanity in Lord of the Flies by William Golding849 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesboys are left all alone with no adults, no supplies, and no one to come and rescue them. They are all on their own and have to establish a new Ã¢â¬Å"societyÃ¢â¬ . The boys have to choose someone to govern them and that person ends up being Ralph, who had an internal struggle between what is right and wrong closer to the end of the novel. The boys turn into savages, killing each other, and showing their evil inside each of them. According to, William Golding man is inherently evil, evil is in all of us, butRead MoreGood Vs Evil : A Battle Inside Us1010 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesGood versus Evil: A Battle Inside Us Good and Evil were currently planning on going to war, fighting with all their might. This happened frequently, located at the center of a personÃ¢â¬â¢s character- the heart and soul. The armies fought countless battles and this one was no exception. The war would be named later, with all the humanÃ¢â¬â¢s friends repeating the gruesome details of the battle. The human would be known and categorized by this and whether Good or Evil prevailed in his heart. Ã¢â¬Å"Get ready, folksRead MoreLoss of Innocence757 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIt has been said that innocence can be defined as the state or quality of being morally free from guilt or sin, through lack of knowledge of evil. I will examine pieces of literature that convey the loss of innocence to either a particular person, or a group of people. The first piece of writing I have chosen is, The Lord of the Flies by William Golding. In the middle of a war, a plane carrying a group of schoolboys crashed onto an island. The pilot had been killed, so that left the boys to fendRead MoreHuman Nature - Are Humans Naturally Good or Evil?1481 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthe intricacy of mankind. During the time men live without a common power to keep them all in awe, they are in that conditions called war; and such a war, as if of every man, against every man. (Hobbes) Hobbes states that Humans are naturally evil and need a powerful government to control them. Is it true? Rousseau thinks otherwise. In reasoning on the principles he (Thomas Hobbes) lays down, he ought to have said that the state of nature, being that in which the care for our own preservation isRead More Human Nature: Good Or Evil? Essay906 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesNature: Good or Evil? nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Many things can be said about the gallons of blood, miles of entrails and seemingly endless array of bones, muscles and other fascinating odds and ends that we call our human bodies. For instance, as you break down the body into different categories each part can be examined endlessly. Such can be said about a very intricate part of the body. This is the most important part and without it the rest of the body would have no direct, thisRead More Inner and outer beauty in Dorian Gray Essay1495 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages The term Ã¢â¬ËbeautyÃ¢â¬â¢ may have very relative significance. Something can be beautiful for us, but ugly for other people. The external beauty of a person is often the first thing that we pay attention to. This is the result of the association of beauty with good and ugliness with evil. Through the outer appearance we make a general opinion about a given person. Such a way of thinking may be very misleading. In order to get to know the person we need to look to the inside Ã¢â¬â into the soul. This is the
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The smallest of bacterial specks can transform into the most deadly disease. A single, tiny flea on a rat can bite that rat, feed on its blood, then hop off and go on its way. The rat then leaves its droppings and dander onto human food. When children consume their unsanitary food, they can contract the disease that was transmitted by the flea onto the rat and into their food. Although the process is not particularly appetizing, it is how salmonella spreads. Around 42,000 cases of salmonellosis are reported in the United States every year. About 400 of these cases result in death. These deaths could be avoided if people received vaccines in order to prevent the disease from infecting their bodies. Vaccines are necessary in order to prevent fatal diseases, such as salmonella poisoning, that claims childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s lives. The first reason that vaccines are necessary is that they are proven to prevent serious diseases. Rare but lethal illnesses such as measles, tetanus, polio, and dip htheria still exist today. Vaccination is still necessary since a weak childÃ¢â¬â¢s body is not strong enough to create a natural immunization to diseases. Nearly all children can be safely vaccinated. Contrary to popular belief, there is no definite evidence to prove that vaccines can cause autism, diabetes, and other diseases. Immunizations are created to help the childÃ¢â¬â¢s immune system do its work by creating immunity to diseases before they can make the child sick. The vaccines work a lot like anti-venomShow MoreRelatedVaccines And Its Effects On Children1503 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesLife as we know it was just a dream for most families in the 19th and 20th centuries- they were consumed with fear of having family members die from awful diseases, while that is the last thing on most of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s minds now. Vaccines have transformed human life. Parents should vaccinate their children because it saves lives, the vaccines are safe, and the risks of not vaccinating can harm children more than the vaccines themselves. Vaccines were created in 1796 by Edward Jenner, an English scientistRead MoreVaccines And Its Effects On Children1463 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesA vast number of diseases have devastated our country for ages. It was not until 1796 when Edward Jenner revolutionized medical technology, with the first record of vaccines. Vaccines have diminished these diseases going from very common to little or none. Setting requirements on vaccines will not assist the reduction or eliminate them, but will also protect our youth from the wide-spread variety of deadly diseases. Multiple individuals do not truly understand what vaccines are and their trueRead MoreVaccinations Are The Best Way For Prevent / Eliminate / Address / Tackle Deadly Diseases1082 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAissatou Sougou Topic: Vaccinations are the best way to prevent/eliminate/address/ tackle deadly diseases in the developing world. To what extent do you agree? Introduction There are various diseases which are very deadly to human being. Those who are highly affected are those living in third world countries. In this way, different methods of interventions and preventions have been performed, however vaccinations are broadly viewed as one of the best therapeutic accomplishments of cutting edge progressRead MoreWhy Parents Should Not Parents1103 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagessince the creation of the first vaccine in 1796. There is the constant battle of whether they should protect their kids against diseases or refrain from pricking them with a multitude of vaccines that could contain ingredients that go against their beliefs. Some vaccines contain ingredients such as aborted fetal tissue or animal residue which many parents think is unethical to inject into their children. In most states schools require children to receive certain vaccines before they can attend schoolRead MoreThe Truth About Vaccines1477 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagespassed away on June 22, 1998 jus t before eleven A.M. (Ã¢â¬Å"Victims of Vaccine-Preventable DiseaseÃ¢â¬ ). If Ryan Milley had gotten vaccinated for meningitis as an infant, this tragedy could have been prevented. Vaccines are substances that provide immunity against certain diseases by stimulating the production of antibodies without inducing the effects of the disease. This is not a new concept however. Vaccines have been fighting off deadly diseases since 1796 when English doctor, Edward Jenner, first inoculatedRead MoreDiscussing the Pros and Cons of Vaccinations673 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesbenefits including the prevention of certain diseases but they also can cause issues and be very riskful in using them to treat or prevent a disease. Some of these issues include the ethic dilemma behind the subject. Introduction: Vaccines are among the most affordable and successful public health tools for preventing disease, disability, and sometimes death. Not only do they protect a vaccinated individual from developing a potentially deadly disease, but they also lead to protecting an entireRead MoreVaccines And Vaccines Are Made A Huge Impact On Humanity1494 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIllnesses and diseases continue to develop and spread constantly throughout the world. These harmful viruses have always had a huge impact on humanity. Viruses caused many deaths and outbreaks in the past and present because viruses can be passed on easily. Luckily today there is a way to prevent the spread of these viruses, which is vaccines. Vaccines are used to provide immunity against diseases. Once vaccines were introduced there were a lot of speculations and assumptions. There are many peopleRead MoreVaccination Is A Controversial Topic1516 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIllnesses and diseases continues to develop and spread constan tly throughout the world. These harmful viruses have always had a huge impact on humanity. It has caused many death and outbreaks in the past and present because it can be passed on easily. Luckily today there are medication to prevent the spread of these viruses, known as vaccines. Vaccines are antibiotics used to provide immunity against diseases. Once vaccines were introduced there were a lot of speculations and assumptions. There areRead MoreThe Ethical Dilemma Behind Vaccine Refusal1261 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Ethical Dilemma Behind Vaccine Refusal Measles/Mumps/Rubella (MMR), Inactivated Poliovirus, and Rotavirus are just a few examples of vaccines recommended for children by the Center for Disease Control. These vaccines are recommended for children in order to prevent the contraction and spread of diseases that have been controlled in recent years, eradicated from our country, or that we are hoping to prevent from being introduced. According to an article published by TIME Magazine, 1 in 10 parentsRead MoreBenefits Of Getting Vaccinated Far Out Weigh The Risks Essay1453 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesgiving vaccines to children, that now has nearly 40% of parents in the United States following along. But it is due to these vaccines that most children today have never experienced diseases such as polio or the measles such as their grandparents have. Since they have not seen these diseases, parents feel it is unnecessary to vaccinate them for fear of developing the possible side effects or because of reports they cause autism. However , these vaccines are critical for eradicating these deadly infectious
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
When Everett sees his daughters again for the first time since heÃ¢â¬â¢s escaped, they recognized him and their dad at first, but then remembered that their mom told them that he had been hit by a train and died. After hearing that, Everett goes to find Penny to which he discovers that not only has she changed the girlsÃ¢â¬â¢ last names to her maiden name, Wharvey, but Penny got engaged while he was gone and is in line to get married the next day to her modern-day suitor, William T. Walldrip. Penelope did the complete opposite. Many suitors came to Ã¢â¬Å"wooÃ¢â¬ her after believing that Odysseus had died. She put them off with a trick, telling them that she would marry one of them once she finished the funeral shroud for OdysseusÃ¢â¬â¢ father, which she wove by day and secretly unravelled by night. She managed to deceive them for three years by doing this. We will write a custom essay sample on Odyssey Compare/Contrast or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page After the three years, she was caught and the suitors demanded a decision. She cleverly came up with another scheme, an archery contest; a challenge that is nearly impossible for all but Odysseus. She did whatever she could to hold them off because she had hope that Odysseus would come home. On the other hand, these women have very different stories with many similarities. They were both confident in their decisions throughout the entire story. After Everett goes to jail, Penny is seeking out a new husband with better qualities than he has, one whom she says has to be Ã¢â¬Å"bona-fideÃ¢â¬ and can provide for her and the girls. Penny knows what she thinks is best, so she finds herself a Ã¢â¬Å"suitorÃ¢â¬ , Walldrip, that meets her standards. Penelope is left with a baby boy while her husband, Odysseus, is trying to find his way back home for 20 years after the Trojan war, and on top of that, her house is invaded by at least 100 suitors that are all trying to convince her to marry one of them. Penelope sees the suitors as nothing more than a bunch of greedy pigs and wants them out. These ladies know what they want and will do strive to accomplish it. TheyÃ¢â¬â¢re both fit for their husbands in their own ways. Odysseus and Penelope are both cunning, clever, and always thinking of a plan. Everett and Penny, though not sharing the same characteristics as Odysseus and Penelope, are quick-tongued, know-it-alls, and think in a selfish manner. The story of the loom symbolizes the queenÃ¢â¬â¢s, PenelopeÃ¢â¬â¢s, clever and cunning tactics. The contest of the bow and axes is another example of her craftiness. In O Brother, Where Art Thou, Penny is known for saying: Ã¢â¬Å"Ive spoken my piece and counted to three. Ã¢â¬ every time something doesnt go her way, and if it doesnt get fixed, she walks away; an example of her know-it-all attitude. Everett is always telling Delmar and Pete things like, Ã¢â¬Å"You two are just dumber than a bag of hammers! Ã¢â¬ They, Everett and Penny, are both always looking out for themselves. Everett tricked the boys into breaking out of jail, which lengthened their sentences, just because he heard that Penny was getting remarried. Penny found herself a new man, Ã¢â¬Å"a suitorÃ¢â¬ who met her standards and could help support her family. Finally, both Penelope and Penny put their husbands to the test before trusting them. Penelope tells the maids to move the marriage bed and once Odysseus sees this he quickly fills with anger because that bed was made special, made from a firmly planted tree trunk. She automatically knows itÃ¢â¬â¢s Odysseus. Penny had forgotten about Everett as if he had really been hit by a train and died. Once Everett proves that heÃ¢â¬â¢s just as Ã¢â¬Å"bona-fideÃ¢â¬ , she plans to marry him as soon as he finds her original wedding band. They both take their husbands back, but there was a catch in order for them to trust the men. These stories are completely different, yet alike in some situations. They were both single mothers while their husbands were gone. Penelope was loyal to Odysseus, but Penny couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t care less about Everett. They were both fit for their husbands in different ways, and were the reason their husbands wanted to come home. Overall, these women were both self-confident and strong-willed throughout either story, whether they were wives from the late 1930Ã¢â¬â¢s or Ancient Greece
Sunday, April 12, 2020
Economics Make the World Go Round Essay [pic] [pic] [pic] Money Makes the World Go Round By, Chris Jarrett 4-11-11 Period 3 Money makes the world go round. If you know how to deal with money, youÃ¢â¬â¢re probably better off than someone who doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t. There are three significantly influential economists that helped change the way we look and think about money and the economy; Adam Smith, John Keynes, and David Ricardo. These men all came up with economical theories that we still study today, including the Invisible Hand, Government Intervention, Theory of Rent, and various others. Adam Smith who lived in Scotland during the 1700s thought of many different economical theories. One of them was the Invisible Hand. The Invisible Hand theory boils down to saying that the economy will adjust to the needs of buyers and sellers over time. Ã¢â¬Å"The theory of the Invisible Hand states that if each consumer is allowed to choose freely what to buy and each producer is allowed to choose freely what to sell and how to produce it, the market will settle on a product distribution and prices that are beneficial to all the individual members of a community, and hence to the community as a whole. (Wikipedia). Adam Smith didnÃ¢â¬â¢t agree with government intervention. He thought that the government should not be involved in the economy system and that people should fend for themselves, kind of like they do today in Hong Kong. Adam SmithÃ¢â¬â¢s idea of self interest states that Ã¢â¬Å"in the act of observing others makes people aware of themselves and the morality of their o wn behavior. Ã¢â¬ (Wikipedia). In other words, that means that when people study and look at other peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s choices and actions, they are able to become more aware of themselves and make better choices. We will write a custom essay sample on Economics Make the World Go Round specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Economics Make the World Go Round specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Economics Make the World Go Round specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer All in all, Adam Smith was an economist that had great ideas that are still being talked about today. Another recognisible economist is John Keynes. While Adam Smith was against government intervention. Keynes was for it. He explains that without government intervention, the economy would stay trapped with low emloyment. In a way, Keynes is correct because the government helps provide many things that are much needed. The government employs all of the city workers such as teachers, firemen, policemen, anad politicians. The government also helps some large companies from going bankrupt by providing money for them to keep operating. Keynes also explains that the government can help reduce unemployment levels by creating more jobs. To summarize, John Keynes was an econimist who mainly thought the government should interven when needed. A final inportant economist is David Ricardo. Ricardo had a lot of ideas about trade and international trade. He believed that trade could not hurt an economy, but only benefit it. He says that there should be no restrictions on trade, that people should just leave it to compitition. Ricardo also came up with an idea about rent. He states that rent is the difference between the produce obtained by the employment of two equal quantities of capital and labour. (Wikipedia). This basically means that when there are multiple properties, rent will be charge on the more expensive ones, rather than the cheaper ones. In a word, Ricardo was an exception economist that had many ideas about trade and rent. Out of all these economists, the one that I would agree with the most would have to be John Keynes. His ideas about government intervention are reasonable and practible. I believe that the governmen t is here to help us, especially in complicated areas such as the ecomony. The government should help companies that are about to go bankrupt because theyÃ¢â¬â¢re not just helping the company, but theyt are helping the workers. I think that all schools should be taught about all three of these economists, but mainly about John Keynes. Money is everywhere. Everything you use, eat, or touch was bought with someoneÃ¢â¬â¢s hard earned money. In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s tough economy, it is important to learn and study how money and economics work. That is exactly what Adam Smith, John Keynes, and David Ricardo did hundreds of years ago when they came up with their theories, and that is exactly what economisists are doing today. Bibliography Wikipedia. Web. 10 Apr. 2011. .
Tuesday, March 10, 2020
Heathcare in the World Free Online Research Papers The movie Sicko: by Michael Moore was an interesting and great movie. I liked Sicko because it kind of goes behind the scenes and digs deep to explain its viewers that we have some major problems in our health care system. In this movie Micheal Moore completely changed my opinion of health care in the US. During this movie I learned that insurance companies make a huge profit from our premiums and co-pays. These insurance companies make billions of dollars each year. This means that the insurance companies have the power of money to get the things they want. Even though you have insurance doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t always mean that you are safe from getting medical bills in your mail box. Insurance companies have denied to pay for numerous patients medical treatment. You know we are getting robbed when you learn that then Insurance companies hire employees to comer their backs. One woman who worked fro an HMO said she was told by the head of her company that Ã¢â¬Å"any payment for a claim is a medical loss.Ã¢â¬ Another quote from an HMO employee stated Ã¢â¬Å"we are not denying care, we are denying payment.Ã¢â¬ When watching this movie my heart went out to these people who lost loved ones and childr en simply because they could not afford to self pay for the needed treatments. It is sad that what used to be an ideal country to live in has come to pushing those who need help to the back burner. The US would greatly benefit from a Universal Health Care System. A universal system would change our economy dramatically. There are Americans in our country who would be completely debt free if they didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have medical bills piled up on their counters. If the US were a universal health care system we wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t have seniors working at 75 years of age to afford their medicine. America would be treating its people equally if it were a universal system. The Canadian health care system is totally different from the US. In Canada health care is free to all. Its residents live longer, they get the proper care for chronic illnesses such as diabetes and cancer. The movie talked about a young American woman who had cervical cancer. She was denied payment for treatment Research Papers on Heathcare in the WorldWhere Wild and West MeetThe Effects of Illegal ImmigrationTwilight of the UAWLifes What IfsMarketing of Lifeboy Soap A Unilever ProductNever Been Kicked Out of a Place This NiceInfluences of Socio-Economic Status of Married Males19 Century Society: A Deeply Divided EraCapital PunishmentGenetic Engineering
Sunday, February 23, 2020
Kate's Ethical Dilemma - Essay Example This study outlines that Kate would consider the good for herself regardless of the possible happiness for the three children that they could have had if she had used the money to buy gifts, or without considering the harm for the company in the wide extent, because the extra fifty dollars is going to be recorded as a loss. If Kate is following the utilitarianism theory, she would look at the greatest happiness. She would decide to buy gifts for the three sick children since the total good is the greatest in comparison to the other options: return the fifty dollars to the store, for if she does not, it is going to be recorded as a loss for a company that earns millions of profits, so harm is minimized. As she kept it for herself, she became disappointed to hear that the foundation will not be able to provide gifts for the medical centre this year because of the global financial crises, so keeping the money did not result in the greatest good. Clearly, using the money to buy the childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s gifts would satisfy the theoryÃ¢â¬â¢s approach. AS the discussion highlights by applying KantianÃ¢â¬â¢s theory to the situation, Kate would only be concerned about the current circumstance, which is that the cashier gave her extra change by mistake and she would be aware that the fifty dollars is not her money, which belongs to the store. Therefore, she would act based on her duty towards the fact that the fifty dollars was given to her by mistake. She would not consider the future consequences of using the money whether to buy gifts for sick children to make them happy, or to keep the money for herself to cover up the reduction in her salary and her motherÃ¢â¬â¢s gift. She would return the money to the store ignoring the possible out-comes. If I were in this situation, I would choose the utilitarianism theory. I would consider the consequences on both parties.
Friday, February 7, 2020
Analysis of Panic of 1837 - Research Paper Example The 1837 panic did not result from a vacuum. A variety of factors aggravated the panic. The expansion of railroads and canals established large debts that would be incurred by the states. Imports exceeded exports leading to an unfavorable balance of trade. This resulted in a thrash of species, i.e. silver and gold, to the opposed paper currency. Several crop failures between 1835 and 1837 resulted in deficiencies in the budgets. The foremost cause of panic was the economic effect of land speculation. This was a moment of tentative mania. Following the demise of the United StatesÃ¢â¬â¢ bank, wild cats and state banks evolved hastily during the 1830s (Van 76). Money was easily obtained. Investors borrowed funds at a pace that could be termed as incredible. This did not only involve the western farmer but also manufacturers, traders, and merchants. The entire business community anticipated high returns if they spend their borrowed funds in speculative enterprises rather than refinanci ng novel ventures and settling out their debts. In the list of ventures, the leading would be investments in the readily available despicable land. The offices of land throughout the nation reported the sales as the speculators continued their investments for faster returns. In the years between 1834 and 1836, the sales had totaled approximately 37 million acres. In 1836, these sales were ten times more than they had been in 1830. The order of the day was the land office business. In an attempt to curb this tentative fever, president Jackson has issued the Specie Circular. This order authorized every land office to accept only silver or gold instead of rag money in disbursement for the public lands (Friedman and Schwartz 89). The state banks had little specie backing. The land sales slumped. Many speculators defaulted payments due to the little silver and gold available. The tentative mania continued across businesses despite the attempt of the federal government to halt or curb it. The speculators equipped with sufficient cash hired smart agents to enable them to appraise the most excellent lands. The superior speculators initiated illegal and unethical methods to get favor in their land quest. The Urban real estate was also involved in the mania as the values increased (Bourne 53). Valuation of real assets skyrocketed in New York above 50 percent within five years. The marine lands also tripled in value in a few years. Martin Buren succeeded Andrew Jackson. Jackson bequeathed a precarious economy to his successor due to the battle between him and Nicholas Biddle, the president of the U.S. Bank. This battle sternly damaged the U.S. economy. In a few months after Buren took office, the federal government operated on deficit due to the demise of the United StatesÃ¢â¬â¢ Bank that funded operations (Smith 96). These economic contractions established strapping repercussions that unfastened the path for the emergent of the Whig party as a tough alternative to the Democrats.Ã Ã